The first Olympic medals won by a British black athlete in 1928 are coming up for auction together with the ground-breaking sportsman’s memorabilia.
Treasures awash with historical significance include bronze and silver medals won by Olympic hero Jack London – plus another Olympic commemorative medal which his proud uncle John Downham had gold plated ‘to create a full set’.
Jack scooped bronze in the 4x4 100 metres relay and silver in the 100 metres sprint in the 1928 Olympics in Amsterdam, Holland.
The collection, which also includes two relay batons, one used by Jack in the 4x4 100 metres in 1928 and one in the British Empire Games, recently astonished onlookers on TV’s Antiques Road Show.
John Downham’s daughter, Christine Downham, a 60-year old retired pub licensee from Rossendale, Lancs, decided to take the memorabilia along for assessment – and ended up on the popular TV in September.
The experts told Mrs Downham her items were worth at least £3,500 – possibly more – and, having spoken with her family, Mrs Downham has decided it’s time to let them go in a bid to celebrate Jack’s achievements.
Mrs Downham said: “They’ve just been stuck in a cupboard where no one can see them. Because my great uncle was the first black athlete to win Olympic medals for Great Britain, perhaps his collection deserves to be in a museum.”
The items, which include a wide variety of medals, a large trophy, photos and newspaper cuttings, are set to go under the hammer at Derbyshire’s Hansons Auctioneers on November 19 with an estimate of £3,000-£5,000.
Mrs Downham, a mother-of-one and grandmother, said: “We’re very proud of Great Uncle Jack’s achievements. The medals came to me after my dad passed away four years ago. He loved talking about Jack and decided to get one of his commemorative Olympic medals gold-plated to make it look like a full set. My dad and mum Sarah, who is 86 and still going strong, were well known Lancashire licensees. They used to run the Dun Horse pub in Blackburn.
“I never met Jack but my dad did. Apparently, he was quite a character and a bit of a ladies’ man. He was very talented. He was academic, brilliant at sport and very musical. He ended up on stage and in a film.
“After retiring from athletics, he became an entertainer and played piano for the stars. He was in the original cast of Noël Coward musical Cavalcade at the Theatre Royal in London’s Drury Lane in 1931. He also appeared in Will Hay’s Gainsborough Pictures comedy Old Bones of the River in 1938. He could do anything.”
Charles Hanson, owner of Hansons, said: “We often talk about the rich diversity of our nation and Jack London set a fine example. He came to the UK as a baby, grew up to embrace life here and went on to lead an incredible life. He won glory for Britain in the field of sport and brought joy to millions as an entertainer.
“When I was leafing through Jack’s memorabilia, I couldn’t help noticing an old press cutting headlined ‘Coloured Racers Lack Stamina’. What a ludicrous statement. It reminds us of the sort of ignorance people like Jack faced all those years ago. And yet he gave the newspaper journalist a warm quote on the topic.
“Jack’s talent did the talking. He was ground-breaking in more ways than one. As well as being the first black man to win Olympic medals for Britain, he was the first athlete to use starting blocks in the tournament.
“Sadly, he was only 61 when he died suddenly in 1966 from a subarachnoid haemorrhage. By that time, he was working as a porter at London’s St Pancras Hospital. His life was cut short all too soon but what a lot he crammed into it.”
Jack, also known as John Edward London, was born in 1905 in British Guiana, now Guyana. He moved to London as a baby, had a spell back in British Guiana, then returned to London.
He studied at Regent Street Polytechnic, joined the Polytechnic Harriers and was trained by renowned coach Sam Mussabini. He helped athletes win 11 Olympic medals including Harold Abrahams who clinched the Olympic 100 metres in 1924, a feat celebrated in film Chariots of Fire.
Jack was a whisker away from repeating that success in the 1928 Olympics. After equalling the Olympic 100 metres record of 10.6 seconds in the semi-final, he won the silver medal in the 100 metres final, behind Canadian Percy Williams.
He was later coached by Albert Hill. In July 1929, he became the first British sprinter to win the Amateur Athletic Association's 100 yards title since Harold Abrahams in 1924. He was also a leading British high jumper in this period. His athletic career was curtailed by a leg injury in 1930.
Jack, who married twice but had no children, also co-wrote a coaching manual in 1948, The Way to Win on Track and Field.
Jack London’s collection will be sold in a Sports Memorabilia Auction on November 19 at Hansons, Heage Lane, Etwall, Derbyshire. To find out more, or to arrange a free valuation, email David Wilson-Turner: [email protected].